One foot stands in the "Indian Ocean" and the other stands in the "Atlantic Ocean". Every year, tens of thousands of tourists come to Cape Horn for their travels. Cape Town, the city of Cape of Good Hope, is also popular with tourists.
However, what is happening now in Cape Town is that tens of thousands of people are lining up in front of the water distribution station, either by carrying buckets or carrying pans and anxiously taking over from a tanker Slow out of the "lifesaving water" ......
This is not a scene in a Hollywood movie, but a reality version of "a disaster" staged in Cape Town, South Africa.
Unwashed hair, a symbol of social responsibility
According to the U.S. Cable News (CNN) reported on the 25th, Cape Town will be February 1 onwards, each citizen is allowed to use only 50 liters of water a day. Currently, the daily water usage per person is 87 liters. Moreover, the government will impose heavy penalties on families who consume more than 6,000 liters of water each month.
Other water restrictions include: agricultural and commercial use of water must be reduced by 60% and 45%, respectively, to prohibit individuals digging holes in water, requiring people to take a bath from the original two minutes down to 90 seconds, the number of flush toilets reduced from the original three times a day Until 1 time, all public swimming pools are totally disabled, and the flushing toilets of urinals in public men's toilets are removed.
It is reported that citizens suffering from drought and drought are performing subtle "mathematical games" with water every day. Use the bath water flush the toilet, bathing in 90 seconds to complete. One citizen said: "Unwashed hair is now a symbol of social responsibility."
The Mayor of Cape Town said that despite the distress of the situation, the public's water consumption did not drop significantly. In the case of water pressure has been reduced to maximize water supply, water consumption still reached 8.6 million liters, exceeding the target value.
According to CNN reports, the lack of water in Cape Town has inspired citizens' creativity. When an Englishman was on holiday in Cape Town, he poured the potatoes into a bucket to wash their clothes. Another Cape Town resident said "grabbing" every tap of tap water after washing the bowl.
People named Richard said: "People are buying all that can be filled with water.Without the bucket, without the gasoline canister, people buy trash cans, vases and big storage boxes." People use water supplied by cities Filling them up further aggravates the water crisis.
"Zero" near the strict water-saving
It is reported that Cape Town City Hall recently announced that by April 12 this year, Cape Town will no longer be able to withdraw water from the reservoir, when the water plant will cut off the tap water supply, the public will go to the designated more than 200 water distribution stations line up.
The locals call this day "Day Zero."
Cape Town has always been in a dreary drought in recent years. From 2015 to the present, the once-in-a-century drought has continued to ravage, the reservoirs have gradually dried up, and urban water supply has been put on an emergency.
As of January 22, the reservoir water storage capacity of only 27.2%. (Note: Reservoir water can not be extracted when the water storage capacity drops to 13%). With Cape Town now entering the dry season, the drought is expected to intensify in the next five months. The New York Times asserted in this regard that Cape Town will soon become the world's first metropolis to break water.
Ziller, the governor of Western Cape, has sent a letter to President Zuma requesting that the water crisis in Cape Town be declared a "national disaster."
In response to the water scarcity crisis, Cape Town had to consider water diversions from other provinces.
Cape Town, who is too short of water
Cape Town has been criticized for its poor handling of the water crisis. Public opinion here pointed out that on the issue of water supply, Cape Town basically relies on weather for meals, neither takes measures such as artificial rainfall, nor does it seek other sources of water. There is neither a long-term plan nor a contingency plan.
When the drought worsened in 2017, the city government still looks forward to rainy days. The municipal government forecast at the beginning of the year that the upcoming rainy season may result in reservoirs reaching nearly 80% of the reservoir capacity so that urban water can last until the next rainy season. However, last year a serious lack of rain, reservoir water storage only 40%. Until then, the municipal government realized the seriousness of the problem and began to think of ways to deal with it, but it was too late.
However, as the water crisis intensified, a "court infighting" staged inside the city government. Mayor Lille and municipal council members were convicted of financial problems. After some battles, Lille's authority was weakened, can no longer participate in the water crisis.
In the meantime, the city government criticized the public for wasted water and complained about the fact that 60% of the citizens did not respond to the call for water conservation and exacerbated the problem of water shortage. In order to "punish" citizens who have used water excessively, the municipal government proposed to impose a "drought tax" but was forced to give up because of strong opposition.
Cape Town is currently run by the opposition Democrats. The ruling African National Assembly (ANC) has asked President Zuma to set up a special committee to investigate the dereliction of duty in Cape Town's municipal government. The South African Communist Party also said in a statement that half of the water shortages in Cape Town were artificially created, which exposed a serious under-management of the opposition party and its ability to govern.
Analysts pointed out that if the city government to take early remedial measures, such as artificial rainfall when natural conditions allow, the effective storage of rainwater, seawater desalination plant early construction, etc., the problem will not be developed to the point where it is difficult to clean up.
Currently, the Cape Town city government is drilling wells urgently at four locations in the city and building a desalination plant day and night. As planned, the factory construction will be completed by the end of February. However, the progress of drilling wells is unknown, whether the water is unknown. According to the municipal government, even if all this can be done according to plan, the water provided can not meet the daily needs of citizens.
On the 21st of this month, thousands of people protested in front of the municipal government to protest the government's incompetence and tried to pass the crisis on to the public.